S22: Role of Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Promoting Healthy Behaviors: How Health Behavior Theory & Conceptual Frameworks Improve Study Design

Wendy Weber1, Robin Mermelstein2, Jeffrey Fisher3, Jennifer Hay4

1National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, USA; 2University of Illinois at Chicago, USA; 3University of Connecticut, USA; 4Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, USA



Topics will include:  Developing local conceptual frameworks based on theory, investigator expertise, and empirical evidence.  This component will help participants develop their own conceptual framework, specifying linkages among key background, explanatory, and intervening constructs on health behaviors.  Using conceptual frameworks to drive intervention content. This component will explore the links between conceptual frameworks and specific types and contents of interventions, with an emphasis on intervention mapping.


Measuring relevant constructs and behaviors: This component will provide the conceptual framework for understanding how to conceptualize, operationalize, and measure key independent and dependent variables, with an emphasis on matching constructs to theoretical questions of interest.   Linking constructs to relevant behavioral outcomes while assessing for mediators and moderators 


Analyzing the resulting data: This component will help participants determine if the planned analysis fits the theory.  Interpreting findings relevant to the conceptual framework and outcomes. This aspect will describe what to do with findings and discuss the implications for theory and practice.  


Identifying levels and types of interventions: This component will review the range of possible interventions from individual, to family/small groups, to systems, and community level approaches, as well as discuss how level of intervention intersects with intervention target and components.